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Configure software RAID on Linux using MDADM - Do it now

This article covers how to Configure software RAID on Linux using MDADM.

To Install a Software Raid Management Tool:

To install mdadm, run the installation command:

1. For CentOS/Red Hat (yum/dnf is used): $ yum install mdadm

2. For Ubuntu/Debian: $ apt-get install mdadm

3. SUSE: $ sudo zypper install mdadm

4. Arch Linux: $ sudo pacman -S mdadm

Terms related to Integrity of a RAID Array:

1. Version – the metadata version

2. Creation Time – the date and time of RAID creation

3. Raid Level – the level of a RAID array

4. Array Size – the size of the RAID disk space

5. Used Dev Size – the space size used by devices

6. Raid Device – the number of disks in the RAID

7. Total Devices – is the number of disks added to the RAID

8. State – is the current state (clean — it is OK)

9. Active Devices – number of active disks in the RAID

10. Working Devises – number of working disks in the RAID

11. Failed Devices – number of failed devices in the RAID

12. Spare Devices – number of spare disks in the RAID

13. Consistency Policy – is the parameter that sets the synchronization type after a failure, rsync is a full synchronization after RAID array recovery (bitmap, journal, ppl modes are available)

14. UUID – raid array identifier

To Recovering from a Disk Failure in RAID, Disk Replacement:

If one of the disks in a RAID failed or damaged, you may replace it with another one. First of all, find out if the disc is damaged and needs to be replaced.

# cat /proc/mdstat

To Add or Remove Disks to Software RAID on Linux:

1. If you need to remove the previously created mdadm RAID device, unmount it:

# umount /backup

2. Then run this command:

# mdadm -S /dev/md0

mdadm: stopped /dev/md0

3. After destroying the RAID array, it won’t detected as a separate disk device:

# mdadm -S /dev/md0

mdadm: error opening /dev/md0: No such file or directory

4. You can scan all connected drives and re-create a previously removed (failed) RAID device according to the metadata on physical drives. Run the following command:

# mdadm --assemble —scan

About Mdmonitor: RAID State Monitoring & Email Notifications:

The mdmonitor daemon can be used to monitor the status of the RAID. 

1. First, you must create the /etc/mdadm.conf file containing the current array configuration:

# mdadm –detail –scan > /etc/mdadm.conf

The mdadm.conf file is not created automatically. You must create and update it manually.

2. Add to the end of /etc/mdadm.conf the administrator email address to which you want to send notifications in case of any RAID problems:

MAILADDR raidadmin@woshub.com

3. Then restart mdmonitor service using systemctl:

# systemctl restart mdmonitor

Then the system will notify you by e-mail if there are any mdadm errors or faulty disks.

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Unable to add bridge port vnet0 No such device - Fix it now ?

This article covers how to resolve the error, Unable to add bridge port vnet0: No such device which happens when the bridge device specified in the guest's (or domain’s) <interface> definition does not exist.

Theerror messages reveal that the bridge device specified in the guest's (or domain's) <interface> definition does not exist.

To verify the bridge device listed in the error message does not exist, use the shell command ifconfig br0.

A message similar to this confirms the host has no bridge by that name:

br0: error fetching interface information: Device not found

If this is the case, continue to the solution.

To fix the error, Unable to add bridge port vnet0: No such device :

1. Edit the existing bridge or create a new bridge with virsh

Use virsh to either edit the settings of an existing bridge or network, or to add the bridge device to the host system configuration.

2. Edit the existing bridge settings using virsh

Use virsh edit name_of_guest to change the <interface> definition to use a bridge or network that already exists.

For example, change type='bridge' to type='network', and <source bridge='br0'/> to <source network='default'/>.

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mdadm failed to run_array - Fix this Linux Software RAID error now

This article covers how to resolve the RAID #error.

This error indicate that the RAID metadata is lost or is no longer consistent. 

However, sometime following command can fix the issue if other two driver are known to be good. 

/proc/mdstat file will provide RAID status and make sure RAID is active. 

Type the following command at a shell prompt to fix this issue:

mdadm -A /dev/md0 -f --update=summaries /dev/sda1 /dev/sdb1

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