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Install and Configure Mahara on Ubuntu


This article covers how to install Mahara. Basically, Mahara is a popular ePortfolio and social networking system that helps educators to develop a digital classroom in a remote learning environment and track student's progress. 

Mahara also has many non-student applications. You can use it to build a blog, a resume-builder, a file-repository, or a competency framework.

Mahara is a fully featured web application to build your electronic portfolio. 

You can upload files, create journals, embed social media resources from the web and collaborate with other users in groups. 


To install Mahara on Ubuntu:

1. 1. Login to your VPS via SSH

ssh user@vps

2. Update the system

[user]$ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get -y upgrade

3. Install MariaDB

To install MariaDB, run the following command:

[user]$ sudo apt-get install -y mariadb-server

4. Create MariaDB database for Mahara

Next, we need to create a database for our Mahara installation.

[user]$ mysql -u root -p
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE mahara character set UTF8;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON mahara.* TO 'maharauser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-password';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> \q

Do not forget to replace 'your-password' with a strong password.

5. Install Apache2 Web Server

Install Apache2 web server

[user]$ sudo apt-get install apache2

6. Install PHP

Install PHP and required PHP modules

To install the latest stable version of PHP version 5 and all necessary modules, run:

[user]$ sudo apt-get install php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-mcrypt php5-mysql php5-gd

7. Download and extract Mahara

Download and extract the latest version of Mahara on your server:

[user]$ sudo cd /opt && wget https://launchpad.net/mahara/16.04/16.04.1/+download/mahara-16.04.1.zip
[user]$ sudo unzip mahara-16.04.1.zip
[user]$ sudo mv mahara-16.04.1 /var/www/html/mahara
Create Mahara’s upload directory
[user]$ sudo mkdir /var/www/html/mahara/upload/

8. Configure Mahara

Create Mahara’s config.php

In the Mahara ‘htdocs’ directory there is config-dist.php file. Make a copy of this called config.php.

[user]$ cd /var/www/html/mahara/htdocs/
[user]$ sudo cp config-dist.php config.php

Open the config.php and make the necessary changes where appropriate.

[user]$ sudo nano config.php
$cfg->dbtype   = 'mysql';
$cfg->dbhost   = 'localhost';
$cfg->dbport   = null;
$cfg->dbname   = 'mahara';
$cfg->dbuser   = 'maharauser';
$cfg->dbpass   = 'your-password';
$cfg->dataroot = '/var/www/html/mahara/upload/';

All files have to be readable by the web server, so we need to set a proper ownership

[user]$ sudo chown www-data:www-data -R /var/www/html/mahara/

9. Configure Apache Web Server

Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘mahara.conf’ on your virtual server:

[user]$ sudo touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/mahara.conf
[user]$ sudo ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/mahara.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/mahara.conf
[user]$ sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/mahara.conf
Then, add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin admin@yourdomain.com
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/mahara/htdocs/
ServerName your-domain.com
ServerAlias www.your-domain.com
<Directory /var/www/html/mahara/htdocs/>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
allow from all
</Directory>
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common
</VirtualHost>

10. Restart and Verify

Restart the Apache web server for the changes to take effect:

[user]$ sudo service apache2 restart

Open your favorite web browser, navigate to http://your-domain.com/ and if you configured everything correctly the Mahara installer should be starting.

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Install Cockpit Web Console on Ubuntu


This article will guide you on the steps to #install the #Cockpit web console on #Ubuntu. Basically, Cockpit web console provides a #graphical overview of the core components and overall status of a #Linux #machine.

To access cockpit in Linux:

1. Open the Interface by Opening a web #browser and enter the server's IP address with port 9090 in the address bar. If the web browser is on the Cockpit server, open localhost:9090 or hostname:9090.

2. Log into the Cockpit interface with the same user name and password that you would normally use to log into the #system.

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