Solve error Windows has detected file system corruption on disk

Most Windows users face "Windows has detected file system corruption" error in the process of restoring the system when a file system , disk or file is corrupted.

As part of our System Support Services, we have dealt with numerous Windows related issues for our customers.

In this context, we shall look into the causes of this error and how to get rid of it.

More about "Windows has detected file system corruption" error

When Windows does not shutdown, Startup correctly or have hardware failures, it causes a corruption of the file system. The fact is that during a process as this, the commands responsible for triggering the shutdown action syncs with the file system initially. This will then take the mounted file system offline and thereby result in corruption of the disk.

Additionally, when the system startup process is not executed correctly including improper check of the file system by fsck before mounting it without repairing it in this process could also lead to corruption.

Failures in the Hardware such as a power outage, poor disk controller, bad block on disk can lead to corruption of Windows filesystem.

Similarly, Software issues in the system kernel of Windows can lead to this error.

You can also see error message such as;

The local disk (C:) has errors” and “The disk OS (C:) has errors.

How to solve "Windows has detected file system corruption" error

Different approaches can be applied to solve this problem.

i. In the error message, you will see a link below the error alert which says "Check the disk for errors". Click this link, it will take you to Microsoft support page where the Solution will be troubleshooted. By so doing, Windows will run the disk check and do the repair if possible. After this process, do a reboot of the computer and try to restore the system again. This will likely resolve the issue.

ii. With the System File Checker Scan (sfc), you can run a scan on the Corrupted or missing System files to repair. To do this, Do a right-click on the "Start" button and select "Command Prompt (Admin)". Next enter sfc /scannow in the command prompt window and press "Enter" to start the system scanning process.

iii. You can use "Chkdsk/F" to the repair corrupted disk. To do this, First click the Windows Start button and enter "Run". In the type cmd to open the command prompt. Now type "chkdsk c: /f" followed by Enter to start the repair process.

iv. With Windows "Disk Defragment" feature, you can fix Windows has detected file system corruption error. This process will help to optimize the hard drive. To use this feature, open Command Prompt, and type "defrag.exe c: -a" followed by Enter key. Here the "c" is the disk drive you want to repair. So apply as per your case.

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Four (4) Method to fix "Windows has detected file system corruption" System restore error.