Updating Windows VM Templates on VMWare with PowerShell - How to do it

This article covers how to update Windows VM Templates on VMWare. 

The update process of a VM template on VMWare consists of the following stages:

1. A template from the Content Library is converted to a virtual machine.;

2. After starting it, an administrator logs on, installs approved Windows updates using WSUS, updates the required software;

3. After the updates have been installed, the VM is restarted, then turned of and converted back to the template.

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Secure osTicket with Lets Encrypt SSL Certificates - Do it Now

This article covers how secure osTicket with Let’s Encrypt SSL Certificates. You can use the Certbot to request for SSL certificates from Let's Encrypt Certificate Authority. The tool is not available by default and will need to be installed manually.


To Install certbot certificate generation tool:

1. Install certbot on Ubuntu /Debian:

# Install certbot on Ubuntu /Debian

$ sudo apt update

# Apache

$ sudo apt-get install python-certbot-apache

# Nginx

$ sudo apt-get install python-certbot-nginx


2. Install certbot on CentOS 8 / CentOS 7:

On a CentOS system run either of the following commands:

# CentOS 8

## For Apache

$ sudo yum -y install python3-certbot-apache

## For Nginx

$ sudo yum -y install python3-certbot-nginx

# CentOS 7

## For Apache

$ sudo yum -y install python2-certbot-apache

## For Nginx

$ sudo yum -y install python2-certbot-nginx

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Failed to register iobroker in Nagios - Solved

This article covers how to resolve Nagios error, Failed to register iobroker. This problem can occur when custom operating system limits restrict the max number of processes that can be executed.


Custom limits are defined in the /etc/security/limits.conf file

You will need to increase the hard and soft values to resolve the problems you are experiencing, for example:

# harden against fork-bombs
*               hard    nproc           10000
*               soft    nproc           10000
root            hard    nproc           10000
root            soft    nproc           10000

 After making the changes it is recommended to reboot the operating system to ensure the limits are applied.

If the change does not fix the problem then you should increase the values again.

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Clear Solaris Service Maintenance Status in Nagios - Troubleshoot and Resolve

This article covers how to fix Clear Solaris Service Maintenance Status Nagios issue. Basically, When the Nagios Core service finds an invalid configuration, the core service will not start. 

To fix the problem you must fix the problem Nagios Core is complaining about.

This is normal behavior of Nagios Core, it is not specific to Solaris.

However on Solaris, after a service has failed to start several times, Solaris will put the service into what is called a Maintenance State. This state prevents a small problem from becoming a bigger problem. 

Even after fixing the problem Nagios Core is complaining about, you must also clear the maintenance state on the service before Solaris allows a service to be started again.

This means that the service is in a maintenance state, however there is not a lot of detail as to the cause of the issue except that the Start method failed repeatedly. 

It does however provide the name of a log file /var/svc/log/application-nagios:default.log.

Execute the following command to perform further troubleshooting:

tail -20 /var/svc/log/application-nagios:default.log


To Clear Maintenance State on Nagios:

1. Run the following command to clear the maintenance state:

$ svcadm clear nagios

2. Execute the following command to start Nagios:

$ svcadm enable nagios

3. Now check the state of the service:

$ svcs -xv nagios

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330 Content Decoding Failed - Nagios Web browser error

This article covers how to fix 330 Content Decoding Failed Nagios browser error. Basically, this error occurs when an HTTP request's headers claim that the content is gzip encoded, but it is not. 

To fix this error:

The Apache web server requires zlib.output_compression to be configured to On in the /etc/php.ini file.

Execute the following command to open the file in vi:

vi /etc/php.ini

When using the vi editor, to make changes press i on the keyboard first to enter insert mode.

Press Esc to exit insert mode.

To locate the line zlib.output_compression = type the following:

/output_compression =

This should take you directly to the line. Change the setting to On:

zlib.output_compression = On

When you have finished, save the changes in vi by typing:

:wq

and press Enter.

The last step is to restart the Apache service using one of the commands below:

RHEL 7 + | CentOS 7 + | Oracle Linux 7 +

$ systemctl restart httpd.service

 Debian | Ubuntu 16/18/20

$ systemctl restart apache2.service

After the service has restarted the problem should no longer occur.

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Nagios error Could not bind to the LDAP server - Fix it now

This article covers tips to resolve 'could not bind to the LDAP server. Nagios error. This cause secure lookup on 636 or using TLS to fail.

The check_ldap plugin makes use of OpenLDAP, the OpenLDAP package is installed as part of the NagiosXI installation because the plugins have dependencies on it but it is left in a non-configured state.

To resolve the problem on each node (wtgc-nagios-01 and wtgc-nagios-02) the following is required, firstly edit the file: /etc/openldap/ldap.conf and at the bottom of the file add the following line:

TLS_REQCERT allow

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